Poverty gap and severity of poverty
The poverty gap provides an indicator of the resources required to eliminate poverty in a given area. It is therefore an important indicator for fiscal decentralisation because each county will want to understand the resources it will need in order to bring its population above the poverty line. The poverty gap is lowest in counties around the centre of the country and parts of the southeast (Figure 3.2). It is highest in Tana River, Kwale and Mandera Counties at 46.1 percent, 41.8 percent and 32.4 percent, respectively (see table 3.3). These huge disparities in the poverty gap illustrate the variation in the extent of county requirements to pull the population out of poverty. Poverty gap as a percentage of the poverty line in Kenya is at 12.2 percent.
Figure 3.2: Poverty gap as a percentage of poverty line