East Africans are very young. The median age in East Africa – the age that divides the population into two equal halves above and below it – ranges from 15 years in Uganda to 19 years in Kenya and Rwanda.Malnutrition in East Africa manifests itself most clearly in the 10 million East African children, 42 per cent of the region’s 24 million under-five who were stunted in 2010.
All East African countries have achieved the global target of 100 per cent gross enrolment at the primary school level. However, enrolment in secondary school is much lower at between 28 per cent in Uganda and 49 per cent in Kenya as most children do not make the transition to secondary school. Uganda and Rwanda have the highest primary school leaving exam pass rates while Tanzanian and Kenyan students produced the worst results in East Africa. A far lower proportion (less than 30 per cent in 2012) of Kenyan and Tanzanian secondary school students pass their respective national exams compared to their peers in Rwanda and Uganda where more than 88 percent passed.
The East African economy continued its impressive growth rate trend with an average of 6 per cent growth in 2011 and a GDP of $83 billion in that year. However, income per capita data for 2011 shows the significant intra-regional differences between Burundi’s per capita income of $271 and Kenya’s $808. East Africa expanded the value of its total trade by $8.2 billion to $45.8 billion in 2011 from $37.5 billion in 2010. Imports continue to dominate the region’s trade. Import growth of $6.5 billion .